Does your child wrestle with both the spoken and the written word? According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, “The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with the written word. The child who has dyslexia as part of a larger language learning disability has trouble with both the spoken and the written word.”
The following chart provides an overview of the core language components an individual must use. Reading is the area directly impacted by dyslexia. Other challenges often related to dyslexia can impact any of the other core language areas and need to be addressed separately with the help of appropriate professionals.
If affected by a language-based learning disability, your child may be affected by a wide spectrum of difficulties connected to understanding and using both spoken and written language. Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability that specifically presents phonological-processing challenges. Other language-based learning disabilities include challenges with:
The effects of a language-based learning disability can be wide-ranging, and students with a language-based learning disability can have difficulties with any or all of these skills:
You may also find that many students with language-based learning disabilities have an additional weakness in one or more of the following executive functions:
Most people consider articulation issues when they think of a speech-language pathologist (also known as a speech-language therapist). Any student experiencing the ongoing challenges of a language-based learning disability should be evaluated by and work with a trained speech-language pathologist to help with these underlying language weaknesses. If there are other language difficulties besides dyslexia, the student will struggle with reading and writing until they receive help with the underlying language challenges, even if they receive appropriate intervention for the dyslexia itself. You must address all aspects in order, starting with the internal, executive functions, then moving to the language areas in general, and finally to reading and writing.
Do you know about specific language impairment? Like dyslexia, specific language impairment is another diagnosis that falls under the broad scope of language-based learning disabilities. Specific language impairment can affect both receptive and expressive language including:
Dysgraphia means difficulty writing by hand. The International Dyslexia Association’s “Understanding Dysgraphia” fact sheet states that handwriting and spelling struggles are central to dysgraphia. The challenges of writing thoughts on the page may be part of a separate challenge. Terms such as specific language impairment and oral and written language disability are labels frequently used to describe oral and written communication issues.
At Wings to Soar Online Academy, we work with you to create a customized package that includes the programs that are just right for your unique situation. If you have curriculum that is already working for a particular learning area, we respect that and don’t want you to feel you need to enroll in more than you need with us. We want to come alongside you to help you fill in the gaps of what isn’t working. Please explore the menu of possible online programs that we offer at Wings to Soar that we could include in your child’s Path to Success™ Personalized Learning Plan on our Learning Solutions page.
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